From Chuck Lane
Questions for The Book of Psalm
Calvary Christian Fellowship
Questions for each Psalm. (Not from J. Vernon McGee)
1. Who is the Psalmist?
King David, during the period of Absalom’s rebellion. (2 Samuel chaps. 15-18)
- A time when the King was forced out of Jerusalem, the city of David.
- It is a picture of the Godly remnant during the Great Tribulation, as well as an application to God’s people everywhere at any time in the history of the world.
- Absalom wanted to kill his father, in the same way that Satan has wanted to destroy God’ anointed through eternity Revelation 12:7-17
- On his way to exile in shame, Shimei curses David, throwing rocks and calling the King a bloody man; leading one of David’s mighty men, Abishai to desire Shimei’s head, but whom was held back by David, who said 2 Samuel 16:10-11, This is a picture of the world wide protest movement against God and His anointed in Psalm 2 and Christs instruction to let the tare grow with the wheat, to allow both to be harvested together, then separated by him. We learn of Shimei’s repentance upon David’s return, reminding us of our instruction to use good judgment without condemnation as we learned from Psalm I, knowing that forgiveness is not impunity from sin as forgive others 2 Samuel 19:16-23 David’s injunction to Solomon to forgive, but not forget
- Of course we learn that David’s plight is also a direct result of his sin, which God forgave “the man after my own heart” for, fulfilling all of His promises according to His plan, but also requiring accountability, suffering the consequences of sin 2 Samuel 12:7-14 (and this was not the greatest sin which David committed and paid the consequences for: See his spiritual sin – as opposed to sin of the flesh -- the numbering of Israel and Judah in 2 Samuel 24 and 1 Chronicles 21:1-17). 1 Chronicles 21:1-17
- We see that God uses David’s own son to against him to fulfill his plan, at Absalom’s expense; but keep in mind Absalom was being held accountable for his sin, as well. Again, forgiveness and impunity are two different things,
- At any rate, as Vernon McGee puts it, “During the tine of Absalom’s rebellion there were many others who rose up against David. He went out of Jerusalem barefoot and weeping. He passed over Kidron. It looked as if there was no help for him at all.” (Great Tribulation; persecution in the world; awaiting the second advent; the rapture of the church and the “limited” role of the holy spirit after the rapture, during the second 3½ years – Jacob’s Trouble -- or those years before Armagedon Revelation 14:13
Psalms 3-7 is a bridge of Songs between the two Messianic Psalms 2 and 8.
2. Who is/are the speaker(s)?
- David; the godly remnant of Israel in the Great Tribulation; God’s people everywhere at any time . . . crying out in times of trials, sorrows, confusions, problems and sins.
3. Who is the audience?
Crying out to God in a season He seems to be absent . . .
4. List those described in the Psalm? How are they described (adjectives used, actions given, consequences prescribed)? Examples from the Bible? Do you know people like this?
- Lord, how are they increased that trouble me! Many are they that rise up against me [Ps. 3:1] David speaking from his heart as he leaves Jerusalem
- Many there be which say of my soul, There is no help for him in God. Selah. [Ps. 3:2] David is being told that God has forsaken him, much as Rab-shakeh told Jerusalem when the Assyrians lay siege against Hezekiah some 350 years later 2 Kings 18:28-35 ;
- Are we told the same things today by the world-wide protest movement against God and His anointed?
- Selah . . . perhaps a musical rest for the instruments in the orchestra of David’s tabernacle which he set up for the Ark in mishneh, the second quarter 2 Kings 22:14 ; Picture of David’s City ; Maps of Jerusalem
- And later, that of the Solomon’s temple! STOP, LOOK and LISTEN . . . SELAH. (an interesting article on the David’s Tent by a sometimes controversial blogger:
- I laid me down and slept; I awaked; for the LORD sustained me. I will not be afraid of then thousands of people, that have set themselves against me round about [Ps. 3:5-6]. David, like Hezekiah after him, trusted the lord, was able to sleep at night even in the midst of his “worry,” waking up the next morning knowing he would be sustained by the LORD . . . that he will not be afraid even if ten thousand set themselves against him. Oliver Cromwell, said by many to have been the bravest man who ever lived, when asked where his bravery came from explained, “Because I gear God, I have no man to fear.” Proverbs 1:29-33 ; Romans 8:31
- Arise, O LORD; save me, O my God: for thou hast smitten all mine enemies upon the cheek bone; thou has broken the teeth of the ungodly [Ps. 3:7]
We know the result of Absalom’s rebellion, his pride, his sin, his ungodly acts, his pursuit of his father’s life. David knew what it was like being hit on the cheek bone; and through it all we are told that he felt for his son.
Salvation belongeth unto the LORD, thy blessing is upon thy people. Selah.
belongeth to the LORD. The Lord is the author of salvation. Even David understood that atonement through substitutionary sacrifice could not take away sinners sin, hence the need for the never ending cycle of sacrifice. Salvation is from the mercy, the grace of the Lord. It is a gift . . . thy blessing is upon thy people . . .
- And SELAH, again. Stop, look and listen. Pay attention . . . David say three other important things in the Psalm that he knew something about that we need to pay attention to.
- But thou, O LORD, art a shield for me; my glory, and the lifter up of mine head. I cried unto the LORD with my voice, and he heard me out of his holy hill. Selah. [Ps. 3:3-4]
- He calls the LORD his shield. As a warrior, he was quite familiars with shields, his life depending on their purpose and use . In Ephesians 6:16 we are told to take the shield of faith, as believers. Shields are an important part of the study of ancient man, particularly in the symbols that appear in literature. The medieval knights of Christiandom knew the shield as being that which you put your faith in; that which you trust to protect you. The symbols, chevrons, bars, crosses, colors and images that they put on face of the shield were standardized and became the center of the family crest, one’s coat of arms; while the backside as more personal, and most always an image of the knights most beloved, or one whom they owe much too, such as a mentor or saint. In today’s military the helmet serves to function in the same way, the outside marked with personal, albeit regulated, identifications, and tucked into the interior are the pictures of loved ones.
- We see that God is David’s “glory.” That is, He is real, and David believed He is ever present, even when He is silent. The nation Israel was given the physical presence of the LORD through what has been called the Shekinah Glory that followed them through their 40 year pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and was taken away once they cost the Jordan; but returned again when Solomon brought the Ark into the new temple. For us today, His glory is His light that we reflect through our lives, bearing the fruit of the Spirit: Love, Peace, Joy, Goodness, Gentleness, Faith, Humility, Long-suffering, Temperance.
Thirdly, he says God is the uplifter of his head. Down and out, worried and depressed, clinging to hope in the midst of hopelessness, he resolves to trust in the LORD, who has proved himself the more oftentimes as David’s faith continued to grow throughout his lifetime. He paid a grave price for his sin, but knew his place in the family of God, the body of Christ, a man after God’s own heart. He is always with us and will be with until the end of time. Nothing can take us out of His hand.
5. What do you think the speaker is feeling and how do you relate?
6. How is this Psalm quoted in the New Testament? (use and context)
7. What other scriptures are brought to mind through the content, and how might that enlighten or expand the subject of the Psalm. (Column notes, chain references, commentaries, etc.?