From Chuck Lane

Questions for The Book of Psalms

Calvary Christian Fellowship

Bible Study, October 2019 – May 2020

Questions (w/ some answers) for Psalm 24

1. Who is the Psalmist?

https://www.gotquestions.org/Psalms-authors.html

  • A Psalm of David, Psalm 24 is not only the last Psalm in the triology, or “ triptych,” of Psalms -- Psalm 22: the Good Shepherd; Psalm 23: the Great Shepherd; and Psalm 24: the Chief Shepherd. Whereas Psalm 22 is called The Psalm of the Cross, Psalm 24 is referred to the Psalm of the Crown. And, most appropriately, Psalm 24 will also be our last Psalm that we study during this Bible Study Season at Calvary Christian Fellowship Parker.

2. Who is/are the speaker(s)?

  • Traditionally, Psalm 24 is thought to have been prepared for the procession that brought the Ark of the Covenant from Kirjath-jearim to David’s tent, likely at Gihon just outside the northern wall of the City of David in the saddle on the way up to Mount Moriah.. Gihon would have been part of the market place accessible to the growing population of the Lower City in the valley which lay to the West. Gihon would have been adjacent to Ophel, a precinct which lie to the east in the same saddle.
  • Here was the underground access to Gihon Spring, the main source of water supply throughout Jerusalem during ancient times. It was a complex of systems constructed by Cannanites long before David, and expanded afterward, including Hezekiah’s tunnel designed to protect the city’s water source during Sennacherib’s siege of Jerusalem < https://www.biblewalks.com/Gihon >. Gihon, with David’s tabernacle at its center, became historically important, giving rise to the first notions of “living water” upon which his tent to house the Ark was built, albeit pretty much ignored today < gihon-spring-within-the-temple-living-waters/ >.
  • Likely, this second attempt to bring the Ark to Zion encouraged David to give his all to the LORD our Lord with worship and celebration including the choir and orchestra of Jerusalem. [1] Josephus tells us that seven choirs of singers and musicians marched before the Ark as it made it’s way to it’s new home.

3. Who is the audience?

  • God’s chosen children who desire to walk by faith . . . from the beginning, to the everpresent, to the end of time. From His promise to send a seed [Messiah] through the women to save us at our fall < Genesis 3:15 >, to His promise through Moses that He will send us a prophet [Messiah] to show is the Way < Deuteronomy 18:18 >; to His promise to us that through David’s seed [Messiah] will come < 1 Chronicles 17:11-14 >, to His [Messiah’s] first coming and the promise of conquering death by defeating sin < John 3:16 >; to those who look forward to His [Messiah’s] promised return < 1 John 2:28-3:2 > . . . when all shall see the promise of faith fulfilled by Him [Messiah] < Revelation 1:7 >

4. List those described in the Psalm? How are they described (adjectives used, actions given, consequences prescribed)? Examples from the Bible? Do you know people like this?

· MaGee explains that The Psalm of the Crown, for Christ the Chief Shepherd, is divided into two parts, with choruses and solos in each part. The first verses (1-6) are about the companions of the King entering the Kingdom (that’s you and me, by the way); this is followed (v. 7-10), though not chronologically (eternity does is not limited to the dimensions of time), by the King coming to set up the kingdom . . . with you already in it. I am certain that He is with me, always; but I’m not so certain that I am supposed to always be with Him . . . yet. He still has some work to do, and fortunately it doesn’t include me. Think about that for a while. Selah.

COMPASSIONS OF THE KING WHO ENTER THE KINGDOM

Chorus of the Procession:

The earth is the LORD’s, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.

For he hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods [Ps. 24:1-2

  • It belongs to Him. All of it. Everything. Forever. He created it. Determined what it would be. Set it in motion. Maintains and shares it with us, putting us here to “subdue” it as good stewards should. I’m certain that McGee would have agreed that the democrats and the republicans, neither one of them, have done a very good job, even though they figured themselves to be the owners of it all (it’s why property taxes never end, and perpetually increase). Without thanksgiving to the real landlord. From the beginning, God tried to explain how it was we should to thank Him, through Cain and Abel. Lest we forget, it’s not a story about murder, or even the root of all our woe – Pride. But about the difference between faith and works. One is acceptable to Him, the other is not.
  • We are given a type of resurrection in verse 2. We are told in Genesis 1:9-10

that God spoke and Wala! There was land and sea where before there was only water on the surface of earth. He did that.

  • The beginning of wisdom it the fear of the LORD.

Who shall ascend into the hill of the LORD? or who shall stand in his holy place [Ps. 24:3]

And the Soloist answers:

He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart: who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully [Ps. 24:4]

  • The only Way any of us will enter the Kingdom is through His mercy, His grace, not because our hands are clean, or because our hearts are pure; and not that we turned from vanity, or our “good word” never failed. I’m reminded of the scene in heaven when the apostle John realizes, along with everyone else, that none are worthy, and he wept because there is no one to open the book . . . even in heaven where all the good people are supposed to be. Then Revelation 5:1-10.
  • He is Messiah. The LORD, my Lord. Kiss the Son. Hallelujah!

Then the Chorus and the Soloist sing:

He shall receive the blessing from the LORD, and righteousness from the God of his salvation.

This is the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob. Selah. [Ps. 24:5-6]

  • Are you getting this? This is so rich. So much we have learned in this study through the months. This is that generation. The last of the Church Age. The book will be opened by you know who, and judgment . . . that is justice, and mercy and grace . . . will finally come to be.
  • And just as David brought the Ark into Jerusalem, singing, praising, joyously worshipping in days gone by, so the Bride will sing a new song for the Bridegroom when He shows up to His feast after Armageddon.


Picture what a procession it must have been as they entered Jerusalem with the Ark of the Covenant for the first time . . .

Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in [Ps. 24:7].

Then from the gates a [Solo] voice inquired, Who is this King of glory? To whom the chorus answers: The LORD strong and mighty, the LORD mighty in battle.

Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in [Ps. 24:8-9].

Again, another voice from the gates asks, “Who is the King of glory?” and this time the answer comes from the entire choir and all of the marching bands!

Who is the King of glory? THE LORD OF HOSTS, HE IS THE KING OF GLORY. SELAH.

  • We are not far from Jacob’s trouble here. Still, even then, not everyone will know Him. Not to be dogmatic, but it seems to picture not only some general notion of His second coming, but the establishment of the millennial kingdom, apparently following the ”wedding feast” of victory in heaven, and then to return with those who would come to be with Him . . . all the Way, always. 1 Thessalonians 4:14-18 ; millennial kingdom .
  • It’s all about knowing our position in the relationship.

And David led the thirty thousand, dancing all the Way . . .

2 Samuel 6

5. What do you think the speaker is feeling and how do you relate? (Done)

6. How is this Psalm quoted in the New Testament? http://www.jesuswalk.com/psalms/psalms-NT-quotations.htm

Psalm 24:1 = 1 Corinthians 10:25-28

7. What other scriptures are brought to mind through the content, and how might that enlighten or expand the subject of the Psalm. (Column notes, chain references, commentaries, etc.?). (Done)





[1] From our Psalm 5 study:

1. Who is the Psalmist?

https://www.gotquestions.org/Psalms-authors.html

  • Another morning prayer of David, to the Chief Musician upon nehiloth, which is likely a wind instrument such as a flute (not neginoth, the stringed instrument from Psalm 4). Perhaps this was sung by the appointed singers, the first choir of Jerusalem, accompanied by the first orchestra appointed by David at his Tabernacle (tent) where the Ark was housed (Gihon [Spring], later during Josiah revival see Huldah, college [early Mishneh]) until Solomon built the Temple ( 1 Chronicles 16:37-43 ; 1 Chronicles 25 ; CityDavidDraw.jpg ; 1st Temple Hezekiah/Josiah