From Chuck Lane

Calvary Christian Fellowship

Questions (w/ some answers) for Psalm 15

1.  Who is the Psalmist?

      https://www.gotquestions.org/Psalms-authors.html

·         Psalm 15 is “A Psalm of David.”  It is the last in the series of Psalms (9-15) strung together perhaps through David’s trials when pursued by Saul, the first king of Israel.  Thematically: Psalms 9 and 10 pictured Satan’s man, characterized by pride, boasting and self-sufficiency; Psalm 11 considered the testing of the righteous; Psalm 12 gave a view of the godly overcoming in the midst of godlessness , picturing the ultimate Godlessness of the Great Tribulation; Psalm 13 continued to reflect on the plight of God’s people in times of trouble such as the Great Tribulation will be; and Psalm 14 developed the picture of the coming depravity of man in the last days, his atheistic attitude, and rebellion.  Now, in Psalm 15, we are told about those who are going to enter into His presence.    

2.  Who is/are the speaker(s)?

·         David asks the initial question, then he writes about how the Holy Spirit answered Him.

 3.  Who is the audience?

·         Anyone who is concerned about their own salvation and judgment by the Holy One, with an eye on justice realized.  If there is no God there is no justice.

 4.  List those described in the Psalm?  How are they described (adjectives used, actions given, consequences prescribed)?  Examples from the Bible?  Do you know people like this?

·         David asks:

1   LORD, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? Who shall dwell in thy holy hill?

·         For David, the holy hill is Zion, and what he is asking about is the millennial kingdom which Christ will establish on earth with Israel as the center.  David, the prophet, may not understand this from his side of time, but having the advantage of being on this side we can see more clearly that we are well on the way from then to there. 

·         And so David tells us how the Holy Spirit instructs him:

2   He that walked uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart.

    3   He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbor, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbor..

4    In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD.  He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.

·         “In whose eyes a vile person is comtemned” = that is despised.  We are to hate evil and oppose it to our “own hurt.”  Seven things God hates:  Proverbs 6:16-19.  Lying is mentioned twice, by the way.  Ever tell a lie?  How often have you heard  “Crime does not pay?”  How many refuse to believe it?  Indeed, crime is part and parcel of the  requirements (short cuts) to success in the world.  Forget the golden rule, for the rule of the world is do unto others before they do unto you (we call it a pre-emptive strike as oppose to self defense, and it’s even found it’s way into our foreign policy).  The “coming” of the Psychopath?  Forget about it, the Psychopath came long ago.  No feels guilty, because we have been told for a generation that guilt itself is evil.  Yet how can we deny knowing that doing things we should not do, because it is the way of the world . . . is wrong.  Even when we are taught to conform with the wisdom that  if you can’t beat then you need to join them.

·         Again, all this looming large against  “He that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.”  A man is only as good as his word.  And for a good man, God’s Word is  His Perfect and true example.  Every promise of God in the Holy Bible has been, is being, and will be fulfilled . . . without exception.  We know that the best prediction for the future is what has happened in the past, and God is batting 1000, scoring even against the mathematical, statistical odds of impossibility.  Hebrews 13:8  put it simple.   The truth is defined as being that which is, always will be, and can never change.  Can you think of anything that meets that criteria besides the Word of God?  What determines the value of a thing is its rarity.  The truth is very rare.  When truth is combined with Grace, we know we are in the presence of “the only One.”

·         Moses gave us the 10 commandments of the Old Testament, the “shalt not’s” or the don’t’s.  David, through contrast, gives us insight into what we need to do, to overcome, to practice our integrity, maintaining our word . . . the one thing we have control over.  On the other hand, we have been given what’s called the New Testament  commandments (The “Do’s” vs The “Don’t’s”)  by Paul in 1 Thessalonians 5-11, to help us along the way.  And like the Old Testament commandments, they are a guide, God’s standards of perfection, that we should strive toward, knowing that when we fall short, and repent (agree that we have missed the mark), and confess (with contrition in our hearts for our transgressions), He is faithful to forgive us, that we may indeed become perfected (more mature) in order to overcome:

1.  comfort yourselves together [ 5:11-28]

2.  edify one another [5:11]

3.  know (recognize) them that teach the Word of God [5:12]

4.  esteem them very highly in love for their work's sake [5:13]

5.  be at peace with one another [5:13]

6.  warn them that are unruly [5:14]

7.  comfort the feeble minded [5:14]

8.  support the weak (in faith) [5:14]

9.  be patient toward all men [5:14]

10.  See that none render evil for evil unto any man. [5:15]

11.  but ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all men [5:15].

12.  Rejoice evermore [5:16]

13.  Pray without ceasing [5:17]

14.  give thanks [5:18]

15.  Quench not the Spirit [5:19]

16.  Despise not prophecyings [5:20]

17.  Prove all things (don't be a sucker, investigate . . . [be as the Bereans]) [5:21]

18.   Hold fast that which is good [5:21].

19.  Abstain from all appearance of evil [5:22]. And not just what may appear to others, but to our Father God, who sees everything, as well [*See 5:23]

20.  Brethren pray for us (pray for those who give out the gospel [5:25].

21.  Greet all the brethren with a holy kiss (a warm handshake will do) [5:26].

22.  I charge you that this epistle be read unto all the holy brethren [5:27].   

5   He that putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward against the innocent.  He that doeth these things shall never be moved.

·         Everything that we think we may have, that we “earn” to possess, that “belongs” to us, was created by the LORD and is only on loan to us.  Make no mistake, we are nothing, we serve no purpose without Him.  Our’s is to glorify Him (recognize, praise, attest with our lives), to be a witness that He lives in us and walking with the faith of Jesus that He is who he says He is:  Hebrews 11:6

·         Faith is the foundation upon which our love in the present and our hope for the future rests. 

·         James 1:22 ;  James 2:18 

·         “Faith alone saves, but faith that saves is not alone.” – John Calvin.

·         Who is going to stand before God?  Those who have had a faith in God that has produced a life of righteousness. – J. Vernon McGee.

·         Brother and sister, if you believe Jesus is who He says He is, if you believe He is going to return someday, if you believe that someday you will stand before Him to give account . . . then you will agree with me that overcoming is a process, and not just a goal.  It’s how we run the race that determines where we finish.  Our journey is about the paths we choose to take, the paths determine our destination . . .    

5.  What do you think the speaker is feeling and how do you relate? 

6.  How is this Psalm quoted in the New Testament?             http://www.jesuswalk.com/psalms/psalms-NT-quotations.htm

7.  What other scriptures are brought to mind through the content, and how might that enlighten or expand the subject of the Psalm.  (Column notes, chain references, commentaries, etc.?).

 

The (22) New Testament Commandments

or The Do's (New Testament), not the Don'ts (Old Testament)

Be a doer of the Word

 1 Thessalonians 5:11-28

 1.  comfort yourselves together [ 5:11]

2.  edify one another [5:11]

3.  know (recognize) them that teach the Word of God [5:12]

4.  esteem them very highly in love for their work's sake [5:13]

5.  be at peace with one another [5:13]

6.  warn them that are unruly [5:14]

7.  comfort the feeble minded [5:14]

8.  support the weak (in faith) [5:14]

9.  be patient toward all men [5:14]

10.  See that none render evil for evil unto any man. [5:15]

11.  but ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all men [5:15].

12.  Rejoice evermore [5:16]

13.  Pray without ceasing [5:17]

14.  give thanks [5:18]

15.  Quench not the Spirit [5:19]

16.  Despise not prophesyings [5:20]

17.  Prove all things (don't be a sucker, investigate . . . [be as the Bereans]) [5:21]

18.   Hold fast that which is good [5:21].

19.  Abstain from all appearance of evil [5:22]. And not just what may appear to others, but to our Father God, who sees everything, as well [*See 5:23]

20.  Brethren pray for us (pray for those who give out the gospel [5:25].

21.  Greet all the brethren with a holy kiss (a warm handshake will do) [5:26].

22.  I charge you that this epistle be read unto all the holy brethren [5:27].    

 *And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ [5:23] . . . that was "spirit and soul and body."

Faithful is he that calleth you, who also will do it. [5:24] 

 reference:

J. Vernon McGee.  Thur the Bible with J. Vernon McGee. Vol 5: 1 Corinthians-Revelation. 1 Thessalonians. Thomas Nelson, Inc. Nashville, Tennessee.  1983.