From Chuck Lane
Questions for The Book of Psalms
Calvary Christian Fellowship
Questions (w/ some answers) for Psalm 13
1. Who is the Psalmist?
- Psalm 13 is “to the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.” Again, the consensus of theologians indicates that this Psalm (as all those from this section, Psalm 9 thru 15) have to do with the time of trouble to come . . . prophetically, the Great Tribulation, the Anti-Christ, and the Jewish remnant which will be true to God. A time of great testing.
In real time, King Saul of Israel may very well have been pursuing David, intent on doing away with God’s anointed in order to maintain his own hold on power. David is alone with his “mighty men” in the wilderness, having deposited his family safely in Moab. He has also distanced himself from the many ( 1 Samuel 22:2 ), who had come to him at the cave of Adullam ( david-at-the-cave-of-adullam) , for their protection as the Philistines were becoming a clear and present danger to him as well.
2. Who is/are the speaker(s)?
- David speaks to the LORD on his own behalf.
3. Who is the audience?
- The LORD, and those who seek the spirit of wisdom.
4. List those described in the Psalm? How are they described (adjectives used, actions given, consequences prescribed)? Examples from the Bible? Do you know people like this?
- On the run, weary, desperate and of sore mind, body and spirit, David cries out to the LORD:
1 How long wilt thou forget me, O LORD? for ever? How long wilt though hide thy face from me?
2 How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart daily? How long shall mine enemy be exalted over me?
- We are told that King Saul had taken three thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and went to seek David and his men upon the rocks of the wild goats not far from the Dead Sea. And so, David and his men hid in a cave there ( 1 Samuel 24:1-2 ).
- 3 Consider and hear me, O LORD my God; lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the sleep of death.
- David has been in grave danger for quite some time. He’s been afraid to go to sleep for fear that his enemy will find him and kill him. Deprived even of rest, and knowing that he must sleep, and turns to the LORD:
4 Lest mine enemy say, I have prevailed against him; and those that trouble me rejoice when I am moved.
- His prayer answered, his faith rewarded, his sleep protected . . .
5 But I have trusted in thy mercy; my heart shall rejoice in thy salvation
6 I will sing unto the LORD, because he hath dealth bountifully with me
- Is it possible that this answer to prayer, this confirmation of an all knowing and all loving Father who listens and hears and remembers us, is why David chose to spare Saul’s life when the King, God’s anointed, came into that cave where he and his men were hiding, laid down and fell asleep? 1 Samuel 24:3-7
- Is this the sort of thing James means when he writes to us:
But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. [James 1:22]
· Tests are not only inevitable, but good, for without them we would never know our weaknesses, until it’s too late. Even the greatest of Greek philosophers, Socrates, is said to have uttered: The unexamined life is not worth living.
5. What do you think the speaker is feeling and how do you relate?
6. How is this Psalm quoted in the New Testament? http://www.jesuswalk.com/psalms/psalms-NT-quotations.htm
7. What other scriptures are brought to mind through the content, and how might that enlighten or expand the subject of the Psalm. (Column notes, chain references, commentaries, etc.?).