From Chuck Lane
Questions for The Book of Psalms
Calvary Christian Fellowship
Questions for each Psalm.
1. Who is the Psalmist?
- The previous Psalms (3, 4 & 5) are called morning and evening Psalms of David. It could be suggested that Psalm 6 is David during his darkest hour (just before the dawn, Psalm 7). Here the Chief Musician is on the stringed neginoth again, but this time upon Sheminith (upon the octave; likely to be sung by male voices).
2. Who is/are the speaker(s)?
- David, who moves from distress to vexation which leads to his imprecatory psalm, now finds himself in a place of despair, when the only thing we have not done is repent. Psalm 6 is David’s plea for mercy. It is a penitential psalm.
3. Who is the audience?
- David addresses the LORD, but the wider audience gets a picture of David’s sufferings, as well as Christ’s, Israel during the Great Tribulation, and the martyrs during the church age.
4. List those described in the Psalm? How are they described (adjectives used, actions given, consequences prescribed)? Examples from the Bible? Do you know people like this?
- O LORD, rebuke me not in thine anger, neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure.
- Have mercy upon me, O LORD; for I am weak: O LORD, heal me; for my bones are vexed.
- My soul is also sore vexed: but thou, O LORD, how long?
- Return, O LORD, deliver my soul: oh save me for thy mercies sake [Ps. 6:1-4].
o The first work of the Holy Spirit in the New Testament born again believer is conviction of sin. Not all understand, or even believe in sin (see relativism.) In the Old Testament, the law provided the means for Atonement, but David, a bit before his time, was a man after God’s own heart, and understood relationship in the same way as God’s friend, Abraham, before him, and the Son of Man after.
At this stage in David’s crisis (Absalom’s rebellion) David, an Old Testament believer confronts his own sin, and, realizing that he is just as sinful as those for whom he called down God’s judgment (in Psalm 5), turns to the one thing that makes him different . . . what the Holy Spirit brings to us through adoption, a relationship with Our Father in heaven.
o Once convicted we are ready, as David was ready, to cry out in the octave our plea for mercy.
o Followed by confession . . .
- For in death there is no remembrance of thee: in the grave who shall give thee thanks?
- I am weary with my groaning: all the night make I my bed to swim; I water my couch with my tears.
- Mine eye is consumed because of grief; it waxeth old because of all mine enemies [Ps. 6:5-7]
o As a believer, I am comforted by Jesus’ reminder that God is the God of the living: Mark 12:26-27V
o Speaking of groaning, another work of the Holy Spirit is the helping of our prayer to Our Father . . . Romans 8:26-27
o Here, David is in the throes of his suffering, his cry of despair: death; groaning; swimming in a bed of tears; consumed with grief; made old because of enemies. In case you have forgotten he’s not the only one, even our Lord and Savior relates to our suffering, having suffered Himself:
Ø Isaiah 52:14 – “. . . his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men.”
Ø Psalm 69:3 – I am weary of my crying: my throat is dried: mine eyes fail while I wait for my God.
Ø Psalm 42:3 – My tears have been my meat day and night, while they continually say unto me, Where is thy God?
Ø Psalm 38:10 – My heart panteth, my strength failed me: as for the light of mine eyes, it also is gone from me.
Ø Psalm 88:9 – Mine eye mourneth by reason of affliction: LORD, I have called daily upon thee, I have stretched out my hands unto thee.
- Depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity; for the LORD hath heard the voice of my weeping [Ps. 6:8]
o God hears our prayer.
- The LORD hath hear my supplication; the LORD will receive my prayer [Ps. 6:9]
o God answers prayer. Even in Hebrews 5:7-8 there is answer, though it only follows the despair of Jesus: Hebrews 5:7-10
o Luke 22:44 describes his despair as agony: And being in agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as if were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. Luke 22:39-46
o And we know that Christ, like his disciples and the many martyrs since, He suffered unto death . . . as all flesh must. Why we suffer is in the domain of His sovereign will, while we trust in the hope of the promise: Hebrews 6:17-20
5. What do you think the speaker is feeling and how do you relate? (done)
6. How is this Psalm quoted in the New Testament? http://www.jesuswalk.com/psalms/psalms-NT-quotations.htm
7. What other scriptures are brought to mind through the content, and how might that enlighten or expand the subject of the Psalm. (Column notes, chain references, commentaries, etc.?). (done)