From Chuck Lane
Questions for The Book of Psalms
Calvary Christian Fellowship
Bible Study, October 2019 – May 2020
Questions (w/ some answers) for Psalm 22c (verses 19 thru 31 )
1. Who is the Psalmist?
- David the worshipper. David knew persecution, real persecution, but if we have learned anything from our study of the Psalms (of David) we have learned that he knew where our help comes from Psalms 121 ; I Lift My Eyes Up .
2. Who is/are the speaker(s)?
- We can only imagine the horrors of war, the cruelty of man, that David witnessed, committed, received, was responsible for . . . but the image related in Psalm 22 – the suffering Lord, the one who took the proverbial weight of the world on His shoulders, Who bore our sin that we may take up His yoke and find rest Matthew 11:30 – goes beyond the worldly concerns of David to the eternal concerns of the Messiah, whose voice we clearly hear in this Psalm from this side of time.
3. Who is the audience?
Again, I would draw your attention to the final two verses of the
Psalm of the Cross:
A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a
generation. They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness
upon a people that shall be born, that he hath done this. [Ps.
We will learn that it is the praise of the LORD that “shall be
accounted to the Lord.” The “audience” are those “that shall be
born,” the good ground upon which the seed falls
who continue the witness of the Word
4. List those described in the Psalm? How are they described (adjectives used, actions given, consequences prescribed)? Examples from the Bible? Do you know people like this?
“FATHER, INTO THY HANDS I COMMEND MY SPIRIT”
(the fifth word from Jesus as he hung from the Cross)
But be not thou far from me, O LORD: O my strength, haste thee to help me.
Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling from the power of the dog [Ps. 22:19-20]
- It was not quite the darkness of the sixth hour (noon), when perhaps the LORD metaphorically averted His eyes for next three Luke 23:44-45 . His strength, in the flesh, dissipating, the Lord still cries out to the LORD that though He has forsaken Him, for paying the price for our sin, that He be not too far away to help (“me”) His soul, His psyche, His essence, by strengthening His spirit in His ordeal with the warfare of principalities beyond the veil . . . that separated us from the kingdom. For when the veil of the holy of holies was torn from top to bottom, the Way was opened for all, through Jesus.
- MaGee tells us that the word darling is better translated “my only one,” as in “This is my beloved Son . . .” Matthew 3:17 . By saying, “ Deliver my soul from the sword; my only one from the power of the dog.” Jesus is saying “. . . Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit . . . ” Luke 23:46 .
Save me from the lion’s mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns [Ps. 22:21]
- MaGee believes the unicorn was just that, an animal such as the extinct elasmotherium, referred to as an Indian rhinoceros with a single horn. His argument leads him to the possibility that Christ may have been crucified on a pole (singular, perpendicular, such as was used for impalement by the Assyrians), as opposed to a “tree” (a pole, or traditional post, with a cross member to which the arms were outstretched and attached). I tend to the notion that the biblical unicorn is more likely the Assyrian “rimu” (AKA, the auroch, Bos primigenius ), a kind of wild ox extinct since about 1627. “The aurochs’ horns were symmetrical and often appeared as one in profile . . .” unicorns in the bible .
- In any case, unicorns were not only huge and agile, but murderously violent with a propensity for ruthless destruction of men and wild beasts with their extraordinary strength and speed. The record indicates that they could never be domesticated, were the sport of kings in hunt and beastly caged demolition contests, and whose horns were greatly valued and prized. Perhaps it was the horns of unicorns that ultimately came to biblically symbolize great power and strength, such as when Joab took hold of the horns of the altar, seeking the mercy and protection of God the horns of the altar . Or “the horn of salvation”; in the Old Testament Hebrew it is the LORD; in the New Testament Greek, it is the Lord Jesus namesforgod.net/horn-of-salvation .
- Here we are given to images of mankind’s most powerful universal foes, representing primal conflicts. The mouth of the lion, or Rome, representing the conflict of man vs. mankind or society; the other is the unicorn, or a conflict of man vs. nature (death), and the supernatural (the taking on of sin, predisposing judgment).
I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee [Ps. 22:22].
- Just as the universe has four quarters, so too the Lord succeeded against all four conflicts, and here in verse 22 we see the other two. Here was the rematch, man vs. man, between the Lord and the father of lies who caused sin, which brought death into the world. He went away after their first encounter Luke 4:13; but was back for what he thought would be the grand finale, when the male child of the woman ( Revelation Chapter 12) , Messiah, the LORD our Lord, who had come in the flesh and die in the flesh; a death brought about by the Devil’s own intrigue through the pride of the Jews and the predilection for the pathos of power on the Romans part. But the victory of the immortal Satan was undermined by our hope in the Son of man’s resurrection. And now, as we know, that old serpent is set on destroying the woman (Israel) and “those whom keep God’s commands and hold fast their testimony about Jesus,” (Rev. 12:13-17), even those David writes of in this Psalm (Ps. 22:31).
- There was also, of course, the conflict the Lord had within Himself, while in the flesh, as we all have, but to the end His integrity was perfect Luke 22:42 . He was destroyed on the horns of the unicorn, by not defeated. He says “I will declare my name to my brethren . . .” His victory chant to the end, just before death. Who does He trust? “FATHER, INTO THY HANDS I COMMEND MY SPIRIT.”
Ye that fear the LORD, praise him; all ye the seed of Jacob, glorify him; and fear him, all ye the seed of Israel.
For he hath not despised nor abhorred the afflictions of the afflicted; neither hath he hid his face from him; but when he cried unto him, he heard [Ps. 22:23-24]
- Did you hear what His brethren chanted shortly after? When Peter preached, “. . . there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved” ( Acts 4:12) . The “horn of salvation” was a blemished sacrifice. Shamed and defamed, mutilated and crucified, made a blasphemous false prophet, cursed of God . . . hanging on the Cross. Telling you that God cares, and it’s never, ever too late, nor is there sin too great.
“TODAY SHALT THOU BE WITH ME IN PARADISE”
(born again in the twinkling of an eye, or
just before the darkness.)
My praise shall be of thee in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear him.
The meek shall eat and be satisfied; they shall praise the LORD that seek him; your heart shall live for ever [Ps. 22:25-26]
- Okay. We’re talking Heaven here. And we know that God’s ways are not our ways Isaiah 55:8 . In Heaven all the saved, all the born again, will see the Lord worship the LORD, even though they are one in the same . . . or as David worships the Lord, the Son of David. In other words, heaven is on the level for every one there. Remember we’re adopted, and no less an heir than His only begotten. I don’t know how it works, but I for one will be happy to finally be sin free.
- We all are sinners, but that’s not what keeps us out. He, who knew no sin, gets us in. We may seem out of place when we get there, but Vernon MaGee thinks he will be more surprised by who’s not there rather than who is. But it’s kind of like Christ leaving His place as the Word of God and how out of place is was for Him when He came to live among us in the flesh Philippians 2:6-11.
- And what hope do you think the thief had that his request would be answered in the affirmative when he asked, “Remember me . . .,” Luke 23:42 . And what happened? One thief was taken, the other left behind, just like He said would happen when He comes, again Matthew 24:40 . Why? Because He knows the hearts of man, not only what they desire, but why they desire what they desire. For He also told us Matthew 18:3 . It was the last promise Christ made in the flesh, and we know that every promise He ever made, He has kept. He is as good as His Word, and His Word is perfect.
- And the meek? Lest we forget “the last shall be first and the first shall be last” Matthew 20:16 . What’s more, “What is a man profited . . .” Matthew 16:25 .
“IT IS FINISHED”
(His last words . . . from the Cross.
notice it’s the seventh thing He had to say)
All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the LORD: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee. [Ps. 22:27]
- Notice that is will not just be the Lord’s brethren, the seed of Jacob, the seed of Israel (Ps. 22:23) who shall remember and turn unto the LORD. David wrote this.
For the kingdom is the LORD’s: and he is the governor among the nations. [Ps. 22:28]
- The LORD our Lord is sovereign over His creation through His Word which He spoke to make it what it is.
All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul. [Ps. 22:29]
- With the words “In the beginning . . .” we are forewarned that there will be an ending, even though there must be a time before time began. But that, again, is a God thing which we may glimpse, unable to focus, grasp, like trying to put one’s mind around eternity, timelessness without being timeless. But we are told that in the end (or is it the beginning, again) that there will be time no more Revelation 10:6 .
- So what does it mean to grow fat and “worship” and go down to the dust becoming what we “worship” rather than what we should worship, because we didn’t want to, because we wanted to do our own thing, we wanted to do something else, and besides all paths lead to “god” Isaiah 53:6 It means that it’s never too late, but we all run out of time, some sooner, some later. And that regardless of what you have been told, or imagined, there is no proof that you can make something out of nothing, you cannot speak reality into a creation from your own imagination, or superior insight into judgment. And what the Word, which is tried and true time and again generation after generation ( Hebrews 13:8 ), tells us is that only by the salvation of the Lord is your soul redeemed. So He gives us more time than we deserve 2 Peter 3:9 .
A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation. [Ps. 22:30]
- Yes, salvation is of the LORD Jonah 2:9 . And this is what is “accounted to the Lord,” or the LORD our Lord. And this is what we praise Him for. He blesses us, redeems us, He is the propitiation, our atonement, that we may be spiritually reunited with Our Father.
They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done this. [Ps. 22:31]
- And the seed shall serve him; and it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation. And they shall come, generation after generation, throughout the Age of the Church, and shall declare His [the Lord’s] righteousness unto a people that shall be born (the next generations) that he hath done this (offered salvation from sin through His saving grace.)
Let us remember our Lord and Savior by what He said and what He did, “It is Finish”:
For whosoever will save his life will lose it . . . Luke 9:24
Greater love has no man than this . . . John 15:13